Over the past 5 years, tens of startups have emerged promising to revolutionize the way
science is conducted. Often founded by young researchers after realizing the lack of digital
tools for researchers, these startups bring new tools to conduct experiments, manage
laboratories, or explore the literature. Many of these tools use so-called cloud technologies,
developed in the early 2000s to make complex software cheaply, rapidly, and easily
accessible through the user’s web browsers.